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puppy and kittenDoes Your Pet Minder Have First Aid Certificate for Animals? We do.

All Pets are housed within 3 to 5 minutes Of Veterinary Clinics.

We have an arrangement with our Vets that all animals in our care will be given immediate attention.

Our Vets are all contactable on their own private Mobile Phones, which means your Pet has immediate attention once our trained staff have transported your pet to the clinic.

First Aid is the emergency care and treatment of an animal with a sudden injury or illness, before professional veterinary care. It is the initial actions of a person attending or witnessing an accident, and is very limited.

First Aid does not involve diagnosing problems, or giving medical treatment for specific injuries; it is designed to preserve life and temporarily prevent a condition from becoming worse, if possible.

First Aid should allow a person time to transport an animal to a veterinarian, who will be able to diagnose the full extent of the condition, which is not always obvious at first.

The main objectives of First Aid are to:

  • keep the animal alive
  • make the animal comfortable
  • assist in pain control
  • prevent the animals condition from becoming worse

Depending on different situations, a different approach to First Aid will be required.

Some situations will allow a person ample time to attend to injuries or problems, and not be life-threatening.

Other situations may be extremely life-threatening, and if not dealt with quickly, the animal may die.

Here are a few tips:

  • Always approach a sick or injured animal slowly and with caution.
  • Watch the body expressions and sounds your pet makes to warn you. Even your own pet can be aggressive when in pain or frightened.
  • Do not make quick, jerky or loud movements. They might further scare your pet.
  • When necessary, use towels or a blanket to subdue small cats dogs and other animals.
  • Keep the phone number and address of your veterinarian in a convenient location.
  • Have the phone number and address of an after-hours veterinary clinic on hand and keep directions to that clinic in the same place. Whenever possible, call ahead to let them know you'll be coming.

What to Do When Your Pet Is Hurt

Proper first aid can prevent injuries from worsening, can alleviate pain, or can even save your pet ’s life.

Remember, however, first aid is preliminary action only.

It can never replace professional care by your veterinarian.

The ABC of basic emergency

A. Airway – Ensure that nothing is blocking the animal’s nose.

B. Bleeding – To control bleeding, tightly press a cold compress or cloth against the wound. Repeat and bandage. If there is blood from the mouth and rectum, there is an internal injury.

Rush the animal to the vet. The dog will be given a drip and Haemostypic injections to control the bleeding

C. Restraint – Muzzling an injured dog is the quickest and easiest way to prevent yourself from being bitten.

Pantyhose, a necktie, or a soft piece of rope about two feet long will make a good muzzle.

To give yourself some protection from teeth and claws, cats can be covered with a heavy towel or rug; placed in a pillowcase, box, or pet kennel; and then transported to the veterinarian.

For lifting a dog, place one hand by the scruff of the neck and the other below the stomach.

Another option (if there is no spinal injury) is to spread out a piece of strong cloth or wooden plank next to the dog (next to its back).

Then grab the dog by the scruff of its neck and by its stomach and pull it on top of the cloth. Two people can now lift the cloth with the dog in it.

Remember: if you need to get to a phone to call the vet make sure someone is with the animal. Even seriously injured animals might try to crawl away!

External bleeding

To slow external bleeding, apply a pressure dressing using clean cloth to cover the wound and then bandage it snugly.

If swelling occurs below the bandage, loosen or remove it. Please do not apply tourniquets!

Tourniquets can potentially cause greater problems than they solve.

Fractures and dislocations

These are usually self-evident. The affected limb is held in an unnatural position and the broken bone may actually be visible through the skin.

Don’t try to apply a splint, since it will most often inflict greater pain. Move the animal as little as possible during transport, and do the transport as soon as possible.


Animals in shock will have pale gums, weakness, and rapid breathing. It is important to keep the animal warm and to transport her to the veterinarian as quickly as possible.


Heatstroke causes many of the same signs as shock. You will see rapid, shallow breathing, weakness, and a very high body temperature.

Cool the animal as quickly as possible by spraying him with cool (not cold)water or wrapping him in cool, moist towels. Because of the many problems caused by an elevated body temperature, seek professional help immediately.

Remember, to prevent heatstroke, never leave an animal in a parked vehicle during hot weather. Many people think their dog will be okay if they leave the windows open, but even with the windows wide open, the car can quickly become hot enough to cause heatstroke, brain damage, and even death.

Exposure to poison

If you think your pet has been exposed to a poison, contact your veterinarian immediately. If detected soon enough, many poisons can be eliminated from the animal without need for extensive, expensive treatment.

It ’s important to bring the label of the suspected poison to your veterinarian so the correct treatment can be given.

Some poisons may take a period of time before their effects become evident, so act quickly if you think poison ingestion is a possibility. You should be especially careful about antifreeze, which often leaks from cars into parking lots and puddles.


Wash the wound with water. Control bleeding by pressing a clean cloth against the wound. Apply anti septic dressing. Administer anti-rabies vaccine if bitten by an unknown animal.


Wash the burn with plenty of cold water. Give a painkiller tablet or liquid. Feed the animal plain water or water dilute with glucose. Cover the burned area with a clean, soft cloth, either dry or soaked in tea decoction.


If something is stuck in the throat, try to remove it with your hand or a spoon. Hold the tongue down with a hanky if necessary. If the animal loses consciousness clear the throat by massaging it downwards. Open the mouth, examine for any foreign body. If visible and not sharp then slowly pull it out and give artificial respiration.

Artificial respiration

  1. Lay your dog on his side on a flat surface.
  2. Be sure your dog has stopped breathing: watch for the rise and fall of the chest, feel for breath on your hand, look at the gums - they will turn blue from lack of oxygen.
  3. Check the airway - it must be clear. Open the mouth and look for a foreign object. If an object is blocking the airway, grab the tongue and pull it outward. If this does not dislodge the object, use your fingers, pliers, or tongs to grasp it. If the object cannot be reached or pulled out, use the Heimlich manoeuvre.
  4. Once the airway is clear, begin rescue breathing.
  5. With your dog on his side, lift the chin to straighten out his throat.
  6. Use one hand to grasp the muzzle and hold the mouth shut.
  7. Put your mouth completely over the nose and blow gently; the chest should expand. Blow just enough to move his chest (blow harder for large dogs, gently for cats and small dogs).
  8. Wait for the air to leave the lungs before breathing again.
  9. Continue this, giving 20 breaths per minute (one breath every three seconds), until your dog breathes on his own or as long as the heart beats.
  10. Continue to monitor the heartbeat.


  • Be prepared
  • Stay calm
  • Act responsibly
  • Call your veterinarian

And get one of these for the car